Bug #2895

OsmoMSC excessively uses LU Reject Cause 22 (congestion)

Added by laforge almost 3 years ago. Updated over 1 year ago.

Target version:
Start date:
Due date:
% Done:


Spec Reference:


For some reason OsmoMSC almost always claims that a LU Reject is due to congestion, which is simply not true. Like, let's say there is no intersection between the network-permitted and MS-supported encryption algorithms. clearly we are not rejecting due to congestion in such a case.

Aside being confusing when looking at protocol traces, there are strong reasons for proper reject causes. Congestion is a termporary condition, i.e. the MS will continue to re-try to register. The lack of matching encryption algorithms is a permanent conditon, and hence a permanent LU reject cause should be used to prevent the MS from any retries.


#1 Updated by googlegravity almost 3 years ago

#2 Updated by laforge over 2 years ago

  • Assignee changed from sysmocom to stsp

#3 Updated by stsp about 2 years ago

  • Status changed from New to In Progress

I could identify the following cases where osmo-msc sends a LU reject with cause CONGESTION:

Case 1: A location update is already in progress while another one arrives:

 930 static int assoc_lfp_with_sub(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, struct vlr_subscr *vsub)
 931 {
 932         struct lu_fsm_priv *lfp = lu_fsm_fi_priv(fi);
 933         struct vlr_instance *vlr = lfp->vlr;
 935         if (vsub->lu_fsm) {
 936                 LOGPFSML(fi, LOGL_ERROR,
 937                          "A Location Updating process is already pending for" 
 938                          " this subscriber. Aborting.\n");
 939                 /* Also get rid of the other pending LU attempt? */
 940                 /*lu_fsm_failure(vsub->lu_fsm, GSM48_REJECT_CONGESTION);*/
 941                 lu_fsm_failure(fi, GSM48_REJECT_CONGESTION);
 942                 return -EINVAL;
 943         }
 744 static void lu_fsm_failure(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, enum gsm48_reject_value rej_cause)
 745 {
 746         struct lu_fsm_priv *lfp = lu_fsm_fi_priv(fi);
 747         lfp->vlr->ops.tx_lu_rej(lfp->msc_conn_ref, rej_cause ? : GSM48_REJECT_NETWORK_FAILURE);

Case 2: When the VLR receives an IMSI detach while a location update is being processed:

1153 /* See TS 23.012 version 9.10.0 "Process Detach_IMSI_VLR" */
1154 int vlr_subscr_rx_imsi_detach(struct vlr_subscr *vsub)
1155 {
1156         /* paranoia: should any LU or PARQ FSMs still be running, stop them. */
1157         vlr_subscr_cancel_attach_fsm(vsub, OSMO_FSM_TERM_ERROR, GSM48_REJECT_CONGESTION);
 275 void vlr_subscr_cancel_attach_fsm(struct vlr_subscr *vsub,
 276                                   enum osmo_fsm_term_cause fsm_cause,
 277                                   uint8_t gsm48_cause)
 278 {
 279         if (!vsub)
 280                 return;
 282         vlr_subscr_get(vsub);
 283         if (vsub->lu_fsm)
 284                 vlr_loc_update_cancel(vsub->lu_fsm, fsm_cause, gsm48_cause);
1466 void vlr_loc_update_cancel(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi,
1467                            enum osmo_fsm_term_cause fsm_cause,
1468                            uint8_t gsm48_cause)
1469 {
1478         if (fi->state != VLR_ULA_S_DONE)
1479                 lu_fsm_failure(fi, gsm48_cause);

Case 3: When the MSC connection times out while an LU is in progress:

1173 void vlr_ran_conn_timeout(struct vlr_subscr *vsub)
1174 {
1175         vlr_subscr_cancel_attach_fsm(vsub, OSMO_FSM_TERM_TIMEOUT, GSM48_REJECT_CONGESTION);
1176 }

In all cases, some code with "EBUSY" semantics would seem more appropriate, wouldn't it?
I will try to find a reason code we could use instead.

Perhaps we don't even need to transmit a LU reject message in some of these cases?

#4 Updated by laforge over 1 year ago

  • Assignee changed from stsp to osmith

#5 Updated by laforge over 1 year ago

  • Status changed from In Progress to New

Also available in: Atom PDF

Add picture from clipboard (Maximum size: 48.8 MB)