- Table of contents
- Community TDM/ISDN/SS7 Network
Community TDM/ISDN/SS7 Network¶
This wiki page describes a community TDM/ISDN/SS7 network, enabling retronetworking enthusiasts around the world to interconnect their TDM equipment, such as PBXs, telephony switches, RAS servers, access multiplers, digital switches, etc.
For classic analog telephones, there is the C*NET (https://www.ckts.info/). This is basically the same idea but for one later generation of technology: Digital TDM/PDH/ISDN/SS7 networks. And of course one can connect analog telephone/modem equipment via ISDN/SS7, if that is desired.
The network has a number of additional participants by now, but the general principle looks the same, updating the graph with every participant would make it rather complex without immediate gain:
Getting in touch¶
We now have a Retronetworking Forum on discourse.osmocom.org - feel free to register an account, introudce yourself and join the discussion.
Monthly video conference¶
We have a monthly video conference meeting, see RetroNetCall for more details. It's public, anyone can join without restration, and of course free of charge.
Don't be surprised by the lack of traffic on the ML, almost all communication happens on the IRC channel or in the Forum.
Underlying Protocol / Hardware¶
The underlying transport protocol is being designed around the wiki page Proposed_efficient_TDMoIP. The initial hardware implementation is an icE1usb attached to some kind of [embedded] Linux sytem like a Raspberry Pi. The unique property about the icE1usb is that it contains a GPS-DO to ensure the same clock reference is used in all locations.
ISDN PRI (available)¶
ISDN (Q.921/Q.931) permit to connect equipment like PBXs. The hub offers the NT / central office function, while the client side implements the TE function.
A user connecting to the ISDN PRI service needs to be allocated telephone numbers in the dialling plan, see Phonebook..
On the hub side, the PRI lines and ISDN service are currently terminated in a yate instance.
ISDN BRI¶ISDN BRI service is expected to initially only be obtained indirectly:
- By connecting a ISDN PRI capable PBX (like an Auerswald COMmander Basic.2) to the hub, and then locally connecting to ISDN BRI ports of the PBX, similar to oor OCTOI_Event_PBX
- By using an Asterisk PBX with BRI capable cards Trunkdev-S0-Adapter. This doesn't require any hardware except the NT-capable BRI card, not even an icE1usb!
At a later point, one could consider implementing a ISDN BRI version of the TDMoIP protocol and some software implementation for ISDN BRI cards that support NT mode. One notable topic is clocking: The hardware would either need a GPS-DO (like icE1usb has for E1) or at the very least a VCTCXO that can be disciplined by software to match the timing recovered from the IP packet side. See #5436 and #5417
TDM layer hub / cross-connect (future)¶
The TDM layer would allow to interconnect any E1 line (or even only some timeslots of a line) with any other E1 line. It doesn't interpret the payload but just passes it around.
Classic SS7 (MTP2/MTP3 plus ISUP) permit us to connect STPs and SPCs, such as those of telephony exchanges / switches.We currently have two such connections:
- An international ISUP/SS7 connection to the EWSD of Jan Pesak in Brno/CZ (routing +4205....)
- A national ISUP/SS7 connection to the EWSD of jolly in Doerphof/DE (routing +494644....)
The TDMoIP protocol with osmo-e1d and icE1usb is identical to the more common ISDN PRI setup described above. It's just the signaling protocols on top which are different (MTP2/MTP3/ISUP) insteadl Q.921/Q.931.
SS7 Point Codes¶
We're using ITU point codes with international network indicator formatted in the 3-8-3 format.
|Point Code||System using it||Responsible|
SCCP/MAP/TCAP on top of SS7 can be used to provide interworking between private cellular networks.
Frame Relay (future)¶
A Frame Relay network could be implemented on top of the TDM hub. In this case, framed E1 would be used with groups of 64k timeslots (typically all 31) building the underlying FR transport medium.
POTS / analog telephony¶
There is no plan to directly support analog telephony. Rather, analog ports for phones, modems, etc. can always be provided by means of ISDN PBXs connecting via ISDN PRI (and possibly later ISDN BRI)