SIMtrace » History » Version 60

Version 59 (fixeria, 10/28/2018 06:00 PM) → Version 60/61 (gnutoo, 04/26/2019 02:04 PM)

h1. Osmocom SIMtrace

**%{background:yellow}WARNING: this project only applies to the first generation SIMtrace hardware, which uses the Atmel AT91SAM7S micro-controller. This project is not supported anymore. The hardware and software are still working, but won't get updates. This project is now replaced by project:simtrace2, which uses the SAM3S replacement micro-controller.%**


Osmocom SIMtrace is a software and hardware system for passively tracing SIM-ME communication between the SIM card and the mobile phone.

It looks a bit like this:
digraph G{
//rankdir = LR;
Phone -> SIMtrace [label = "Flexi-PCB cable"];
SIMtrace -> SIM;
SIMtrace -> PC [label = "USB cable"];

SIMtrace [ label = "SIMtrace hardware" ];

When connected to a phone, it looks like this:


It works by utilizing the T=0 capable USART of the USB-attached AT91SAM7 microcontroller.

The USART passively receives the bytes as they are exchanged on the ISO 7816-3 / TS 11.11 interface between SIM and phone. The received bytes are sent via USB to the PC, where a program called simtrace on the PC gathers data from the USB device, parses the APDUs and forwards them via GSMTAP to the wireshark protocol analyzer.

h2. Features

* Completely passive scanner
* RST and ATR detection
* Auto-bauding with PPS / PTS support
* Segmentation of APDUs

SIMtrace can be used to monitor the ME-SIM communication, but also emulate a phone or SIM, or be MitM.
While the hardware supports all these modes, only the monitoring aspect has been implemented in software.

h2. TODO

SIMtrace is a community project, and help is more than welcome.

Some tasks do and require no knowledge of electronics or SIM cards protocols, and only require very basic C programming skills:
* Use libusb hot-plugging API to keep the program running across SIMrtace disconnects

Some tasks do not require microcontroller programming skills:
* extending/completing the wireshark dissectors for the SIM protocol.

Here's some of the other things that could be improved:
* Check for parity errors
* Verify TCK / PCK check-bytes
* Implement MITM

h2. Hardware

The first implementations used an Olimex SAM7-P64 development board with some of the I/O lines hooked up to the mechanical SIM card adapters from [[RebelSIM_Scanner]]. If the [[RebelSIM]] scanner is used, connect the USB even if just the lines are used. It needs to be powered, else the real reader will often fail to initialize the card.

Now we have a dedicated PCB design. The schematics and Gerber files are released as open source hardware and can be produced by everyone.

However, those of you who are not interested in building it from scratch can buy a complete factory-produced, tested and flashed PCB assembly from

It could also be interfaced with full size SIM card "with a separate adapter":

More details are available at [[SIMtrace_Hardware]]

h2. Firmware

The firmware for the AT91SAM7S device was written by reusing a lot of the code for the "OpenPCD":
RFID reader. Details are available at [[SIMtrace Firmware]].

h2. Documentation

Please check the attachments for a usermanual. In there you will find some hints to install ready made packages for
your favorite Linux Distribution.

h2. Host PC Software

The simtrace program is part of the ​git:// repository. It will bind to the USB device and send GSMTAP frames using UDP/IPv4 to localhost:4729.

h3. Preconditions

[[libosmocore:]] and headers (simtrace_usb.h) from the firmware.

additional packages :
sudo apt-get install libusb-1.0-0-dev

h3. Compiling it

git clone git://
cd simtrace/host/

h3. Accessing it

Add udev rules so to be able to use simtrace and access the device as non-root user (only need to be in the osmocom group)

sudo groupadd osmocom
sudo adduser $USERNAME osmocom
sudo tee /etc/udev/rules.d/10-osmocom.rules << EOF
# to use, install this file in /etc/udev/rules.d as 10-osmocom.rules
# rule to grant read/write access on SIMtrace to group named osmocom.
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idProduct}=="0762", ATTRS{idVendor}=="16c0", MODE="0660", GROUP="osmocom"
sudo service udev reload

you must log out and back in so to take effect.

h3. Using it

Simply start *simtrace*.
It will send the GSMTAP frames to UDP/IPv4 localhost:4729.

It will also print hexdumps of the frames to the console, looking like this:
sudo ./simtrace
APDU: (9): a0 a4 00 00 02 6f 07 9f 0f
APDU: (22): a0 c0 00 00 0f 00 00 00 09 6f 07 04 00 15 00 15 01 02 00 00 91 78
APDU: (9): a0 a4 00 00 02 6f 38 9f 0f
APDU: (22): a0 c0 00 00 0f 00 00 00 09 6f 38 04 00 15 00 55 01 02 00 00 91 78
APDU: (16): a0 b0 00 00 09 ff 3f ff ff 00 00 3f 03 00 91 78
APDU: (9): a0 a4 00 00 02 6f ad 9f 0f
APDU: (8): a0 b0 00 00 01 00 91 78
APDU: (9): a0 a4 00 00 02 6f 07 9f 0f
APDU: (16): a0 b0 00 00 09 08 49 06 20 11 49 00 11 06 91 78
APDU: (9): a0 a4 00 00 02 6f 7e 9f 0f
APDU: (18): a0 b0 00 00 0b ff ff ff ff 64 f0 00 ff fe 00 03 91 78
APDU: (9): a0 a4 00 00 02 6f 78 9f 0f
APDU: (9): a0 b0 00 00 02 00 01 91 78
APDU: (9): a0 a4 00 00 02 6f 74 9f 0f
APDU: (23): a0 b0 00 00 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 91 78
APDU: (9): a0 a4 00 00 02 6f 20 9f 0f
APDU: (16): a0 b0 00 00 09 ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff 07 91 78
APDU: (9): a0 a4 00 00 02 6f 30 9f 0f
APDU: (22): a0 c0 00 00 0f 00 00 00 f0 6f 30 04 00 11 00 55 01 02 00 00 91 78

h2. Wireshark integration

The Support for

There is an experimental patch, also part of
the SIM protocol simtrace.git package. It is also included in the [[wireshark]] since developer version (since wireshark 1.7.1. 1.7.1).

To see the APDUs in wireshark:
By default, * on localhost SIMtrace automatically opens a UDP sink on localhost. So launching simtrace is enough locally, no need to send the traces do any anything
to localhost:
$ sudo simtrace

To then capture the traces with wireshark you can use the following command:
$ wireshark -i lo -f 'udp port 4729'

get the data on another machine: machine
* ** start an UDP sink for GSMTAP on the other machine (do not use netcat as it "connects" back)
socat -u udp-recv:4729 /dev/null
* ** tell SIMtrace on which machine to forward
./simtrace -i


Wireshark's protocol Protocol parsing is far from being complete, patches are always welcome!

h2. Other software

* "simlabTrace": seem to be capable of MITM and also seem to have a CCID driver to use SIMtrace as a card reader.

h2. Contact / Mailing List

For any development or usage related questions, there is a mailinglist [], you can subscribe/unsubscribe to it at and read the archives at

Please make sure you read the [[cellular-infrastructure:MailingListRules]] before you start posting.
Add picture from clipboard (Maximum size: 48.8 MB)