FakeTRX (Virtual Um-interface)¶
FakeTRX is a virtual Um-interface implementation written in Python, that allows to connect both OsmocomBB and OsmoBTS without the actual RF hardware. The main purpose of this software is to facilitate and simplify development and testing process. In other words, you don't need to physically run your GSM network nor use any kind of special hardware - just run a few scripts and do anything you want / need in your virtual GSM network!
FakeTRX is a part of OsmocomBB. The source code is available at git.osmocom.org.
You can browse it via cgit: https://git.osmocom.org/osmocom-bb/tree/src/target/trx_toolkit, and download using git:
$ git clone git://git.osmocom.org/osmocom-bb.git
Contributions are welcome via Gerrit.
The main difference is that FakeTRX basically works on GSM L1 and deals with bursts, while VIRT-PHY works on GSM L2, using GSMTAP and multicast sockets to exchange MAC-blocks. FakeTRX provides the TRX Interface for both OsmocomBB and OsmoBTS, and forwards GSM bursts between both sides. So, there is no need to do any modifications in the OsmoBTS source code, just use osmo-bts-trx.
Of course, Python is slower than C, for example. But it's more than enough for exchanging UDP messages between OsmocomBB and OsmoBTS, and vice versa. Moreover, it can be easily reimplemented in C/C++, if someone needs better performance.
Python2 or Python3?¶
The current implementation is known to work with both versions of Python. FakeTRX is not using any version-specific features or modules.
What about RSSI and ToA (Timing of Arrival)?¶
Since we are talking about the virtual Um-interface, it's possible to emulate different parameters of the physical RF interface:
- ToA (Timing of Arrival) - measured difference between expected and actual time of burst arrival in units of 1/256 of GSM symbol periods.
- RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indication) - measured "power" of the signal (per burst) in dBm.
- Path loss - bit errors, burst clipping, interference, etc.
By default, ToA is 0 and RSSI is -60 dBm. All simulation parameters mentioned above can be changed at runtime using the control commands with prefix 'FAKE_'. For more details, see documentation of the main FakeTRX class.
Can I run multiple BTS and / or multiple MS instances?¶
Yes (since #3667 is done)!
TRX Interface is a part of the upstream OsmocomBB, just make sure that you have compiled the latest version of trxcon application. FakeTRX is a part of TRX toolkit, that is located in 'src/target/trx_toolkit/'. See README for more details.
Tip: feel free to use tmux or screen to avoid a mess with multiple windows
1. Run the network side stack you have. In this example we will use the Network in the Box:
$ osmo-nitb -c ./openbsc.cfg -l ./hlr.sqlite3 -P -C --debug=DRLL:DCC:DMM:DRR:DRSL:DNM
2. Run the fake_trx.py:
$ cd osmocom-bb/src/target/trx_toolkit/ $ python ./fake_trx.py
3. Start OsmoBTS:
$ osmo-bts-trx -c ./osmo-bts-trx.cfg
Congratulations! Now you have a virtual GSM network running. As you can see, the virtual transceiver emulates the clock source, as this is required for OsmoBTS. Also, it handles only a few important commands, such as RXTUNE and TXTUNE, but ignores other irrelevant ones.
$ cd osmocom-bb/src/host/trxcon/ $ ./trxcon
5. Finally, run any L2&3 application, e.g. ccch_scan:
$ cd osmocom-bb/src/host/layer23/src/misc/ $ ./ccch_scan -a ARFCN -i 127.0.0.1
Please note that ARFCN value should match the one your BTS configured to.
At this stage, you should see the broadcast messages coming from the virtual network, like in case of a real one. You can use Wireshark to analyze them.
As you may already know, mobile application implements GSM mobile phone with SMS, USSD and voice calls. In the virtual network we can benefit from using a virtual SIM card. Just configure one according to your network configuration, see the example below. If you are starting with the default config from the source tree (
osmocom-bb/doc/examples/mobile/default.cfg), make sure to change
sim reader to
sim test in the
ms 1 section.
test-sim imsi 901700000000000 no barred-access rplmn 901 70
Make sure you have the virtual network running, then run mobile the same way as in case of a Calypso based phone:
$ cd osmocom-bb/src/host/layer23/src/mobile/ $ ./mobile -i 127.0.0.1
Now you can use mobile's telnet interface to manage your virtual phone:
$ telnet localhost 4247 $ ...
It's possible to handle multiple MS and/or BTS connections in a single FakeTRX process using --trx option.
Additional MS-/BTS-side transceiver:
$ ./fake_trx.py --trx 127.0.0.1:6703
Two child transceivers of the main BTS:
$ ./fake_trx.py --trx 127.0.0.1:5700/1 --trx 127.0.0.1:5700/2
Additional transceiver with name:
$ ./fake_trx.py --trx firstname.lastname@example.org:5703
Additional transceiver with IPv6 address:
$ ./fake_trx.py --trx ipv6@[2001:0db8:85a3:0000:0000:8a2e:0370:7334]:5700/5
- Simulation and randomization of both RSSI and ToA
- Multiple MS / BTS transceivers (see #3667)
- Burst capture to file (see data_dump.py)
- Injection of bursts and commands