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Osmocom Titan TTCN3 Testsuites

In 2017, Osmocom started to create extensive tests suites for the Cellular Network Infrastructure elements. Those suites are written in the TTCN-3 programming language and use the compiler and executor of the Eclipse_TITAN project. There are special cases, but in general, the idea is to test one component (e.g. osmo-mgw) independently.

Development

See Titan_TTCN3_Notes

Source Code / Patches

The source code of our test suites lives in the osmo-ttcn3-hacks repository

We're following the Gerrit process for patch review.

Proprietary APER<->BER transcoding library for Iu tests

As TITAN can only generate and parse ASN.1 BER encoding, but the Iu-CS, Iu-PS and Iuh interfaces are using APER encoding, sysmocom is providing a proprietary transcoding library called libfftranscode. Debian9 amd64 packages are available from https://ftp.osmocom.org/binaries/libfftranscode/

We don't like to depend on proprietary software, but given that there is no FOSS ASN.1 compiler that can parse all ASN.1 constructs of the RANAP/RUA/HNBAP specs and parse + generate both BER and APER, this is the lesser evil. Note that the dependency to this proprietary library is only required for the TTCN3 test suite and not a runtime dependency of any of the Osmocom programs itself.

Test Suites

Implementation under Test Testsuite Jenkins
OsmoBSCNAT http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/tree/bsc-nat https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-bscnat-test/
OsmoBSC http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/tree/bsc https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-bsc-test/
OsmoBTS http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/tree/bts https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-bts-test/
OsmoGGSN http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/tree/ggsn_tests https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-ggsn-test/
OsmoHLR http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/tree/hlr https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-hlr-test/
OsmoMGW http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/tree/mgw https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-mgw-test/
OsmoMSC http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/tree/msc https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-msc-test/
OsmoPCU http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/tree/pcu https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-pcu-test/, https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-pcu-test-sns/
OsmoSGSN http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/tree/sgsn https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-sgsn-test/
osmo-sip-connector http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/tree/sip https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-sip-test/
osmoSTP http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/tree/stp https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/job/ttcn3-stp-test/

Running a testsuite

You have multiple options on how to execute a test suite.

Running test suite in the dockerized environment

This is the much easier way to run the test suite. No manual configuration of Osmocom programs or the test suite are required. Both the Osmocom program (Implementation Under Test) as well as the test suite are packaged as docker containers, which are then executed next to each other using a docker network with the "right" addresses between IUT and testsuite.

Also, using this setup you will be guaranteed to run in the exact same environment as the automatically-executed tests on jenkins.osmocom.org, i.e. your results should be exactly identical, without any differences introduced by your runtime environment, whether specific library versions or intentional or inadvertent configuration differences.

Installing docker

Make sure you have docker-ce installed (not to be confused with the possibly outdated version that may be shipped in your distribution's repositories). Check that the version string contains -ce as follows:

$ docker -v
Docker version 18.06.1-ce, build e68fc7a

Next, add yourself to the docker group, log off and on again, and verify that you can use docker with your user:

$ docker info

Cloning docker-playground

Osmocom related containers are stored in the docker-playground git repository.

$ git clone git://git.osmocom.org/docker-playground
$ cd docker-playground

Running a testsuite

All testsuite directories start with ttcn3 or nplab. Run the following to build/update all required containers and start a specific testsuite:

$ cd ttcn3-mgw-test
$ ./jenkins.sh
Environment variables:
  • IMAGE_SUFFIX: the version of the Osmocom stack to run the testsuite against. Default is `master`, set this to `latest` to test the last stable releases.
  • OSMO_TTCN3_BRANCH: osmo-ttcn3-hacks.git branch, which will be used when building a `ttcn3-*` docker image. Defaults to `master`.
  • OSMO_BSC_BRANCH, OSMO_MSC_BRANCH, ...: branch of the appropriate Osmocom project. Defaults to `master`.
  • NO_DOCKER_IMAGE_BUILD: when set to 1, it won't try to update the containers (see README.md)
The jenkins.sh script will make sure to
  • create the needed docker network(s)
  • run all the required containers (IUT, helpers, testsuite)
  • shut them down after test suite execution
  • collect the log files after execution, /tmp/logs will contain them

Running only a sub-set of the test cases

See running the testsuite outside of Docker for reference (below).

Running it natively on your machine

This is the most complicated bit to set-up, as you will have to run the respective Osmocom Program (Implementation Under Test) in the right configuration with all the IP addresses, port numbers, config file, etc. exactly like it's expected by the test suite.

You will need a deeper understanding about how the test suite works, and what its requirement are. Oftentimes looking at how it's done in the Docker scripts is helpful.

Preparation

As stated above certain parts of the testsuite require libfftranscode! If the build fails this might be the issue.

While you can try to use any version of Eclipse TITAN, for the best possible experience it's a good idea to use the same version as Osmocom uses in the dockerized environment. As can be seen in the Dockerfile, this (currently) points to the eclipse-titan package from the Latest_Builds on Debian 9.0":.

$ apt install eclipse-titan
$ git clone git://osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks
$ cd osmo-ttc3-hacks/deps
$ make

Compile a testsuite

Let's compile the mgw testsuite for example:

$ cd mgw
$ ./gen_links.sh
$ ./regen_makefile.sh

The next command will transform the TTCN3 test data into C++ code. Do not use -j here, that won't work (and it is pretty fast anyway).

$ make compile

Note: if you observe errors during make compile, try running it from top-level as make mgw which should trigger dependency update.

Finally compile the testsuite:

$ make -j5

Run a testsuite

Start the component that is about to get tested with the config that the testsuite expects. Again, with mgw as example. A suitable config file should be in the same directory of osmo-ttcn3-hacks.git (otherwise one can use the one from Jenkins and replace all IPs with 127.0.0.1).

$ osmo-mgw -c osmo-mgw.cfg

Then run the testsuite:

$ cd osmo-ttcn3-hacks/mgw
$ ../start-testsuite.sh ./MGCP_test MGCP_Test.cfg

Afterwards you can merge and format the logs as follows:

$ ttcn3_logmerge MGCP_test*.log > ./merged.log
$ ttcn3_logformat ./merged.log > ./result.log

or
$ ../log_merge.sh MGCP_test

Depending on the component that you want to test, you may need to run multiple Osmocom programs. For OsmoMSC, you would run osmo-msc and osmo-stp for example. See the containers that jenkins.sh is running for reference.

Running only a sub-set of the test cases

Running whole testsuites may take a long time. If you only want to run one specific test, or a subset of tests, open up the _*Test.cfg file in the directory of the testsuite and edit the [EXECUTE] section. For example, in MGCP_Test.cfg from the mgw directory it looks like the following:

...
[EXECUTE]
MGCP_Test.control
#MGCP_Test.TC_selftest
#MGCP_Test.TC_crcx
#MGCP_Test.TC_crcx_noprefix
...

The only line that is not commented out is MGCP_Test.control. This *.control line will cause all tests to be executed. So comment this line out, and then activate one of the lines of which you would like to execute the tests (see the example below). Then execute the testsuite as usually, and it will skip all commented out tests.

...
[EXECUTE]
#MGCP_Test.control
#MGCP_Test.TC_selftest
MGCP_Test.TC_crcx
MGCP_Test.TC_crcx_noprefix
...

Reading the logs

  • xfail means, that a test is known to fail, FAIL are unexpected test failures
  • search for setverdict( to find the results of single tests. -> fail should be the location where a test is failing.

Further information

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