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VoLTE IMS Android Carrier Privileges » History » Version 5

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herlesupreeth, 05/14/2020 05:19 PM
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VoLTE IMS Android Carrier Privileges / CoIMS (Carrier Config overriding IMS settings)

In general, 3GPP specifications do not require any specific SIM card in order to use VoLTE or IMS.

However, unfortunately handset manufacturers don't seem to care much about 3GPP specifications and introduce all kinds of strange mechanisms in order to restrict the use of VoLTE/IMS to certain operators - whether by using explicit white-lists, or by coming up with mechanisms like Android Carrier Privileges to disallow the user from configuring IMS credentials on his phone.

This is a guide for overriding IMS settings to force enable VoLTE/VoWiFi using Android Carrier Privileges

Overview

  • Android provides some APIs only to Android Apps by the operator
  • Android identifies such Apps via the signing key with which they were signed
  • The signing key (well, a hash of it) is stored on the SIM card
  • This storage is not done as a simple file on the SIM filesystem, but in some special additional card application on the SIM-Card, a so-called ARA-M

This document describes how to put everything together

(this guide by Supreeth Herle was first published at https://github.com/herlesupreeth/CoIMS_Wiki and is reproduce here with permission)

Requirements

  • A programmable version of USIM/ISIM with KIC1, KID1 and KIK1, or a non-programmable USIM/ISIM with ARA-M application but with option to push certficates to ARA-M via OTA
  • VoLTE/VoWiFi capable phone with Android Pie or above
  • PCSC, serial card reader (SIM card programmer)
  • Java v1.8

My Setup

  • sysmoUSIM-SJS1-4ff USIM with ADM keys
  • OnePlus 5t UE with Android Pie
  • Gemalto SIM programmer

Big shout out and credits to following people for their awesome work

Martin Paljak for GlobalPlatformPro (gp.jar) - A tool to load and manage applets on compatible JavaCards from command line

Bertrand Martel for ARA-M applet (applet.cap) - ARA-M implementation for JavaCards. ARA-M is an application (typically present on a SIM card) which manage access rules that are enforced by an Access Control Enforcer (typically present on Android device). The enforcer makes sure the rules from the ARAM are enforced. An access rule is composed of an AID, a certificate hash (SHA1/SHA256 of client application cert) and a set of rules. The Access Control enforcer will allow/deny a client application (for example an Android app) to send APDU to a Secure Element (SE) applet based on these rules

Steps

Step 1: Clone repository and fetch details of the SIM

In order to install and/or manage Java Card applets on your SIM card, make sure to have KIC1, KID1 and KIK1 keys. KIC1, KID1 and KIK1 could differ from one SIM card to another so make sure to have the correct keys. If you have a non-programmable USIM/ISIM with ARA-M application and have option to push certficates to ARA-M via OTA, jump to Step 4

$ git clone https://github.com/herlesupreeth/CoIMS_Wiki
$ cd CoIMS_Wiki
$ alias gp="java -jar $PWD/gp.jar" 
Example: In sysmoUSIM-SJS1-4ff USIM cards, the key mappings for GlobalPlatformPro are as follows
sysmoUSIM key GlobalPlatformPro argument
KIC1 --key-enc
KID1 --key-mac
KIK1 --key-dek

Fetch details of the SIM by replacing KIC1, KID1 and KIK1 with correct keys respective to your SIM card. Execution of below command should not result in any error. If there is an error, please check the error and double check everything before proceeding

$ gp --key-enc <KIC1> --key-mac <KID1> --key-dek <KIK1> -lvi

Step 2: Unlock the SIM card for easier installation of applet as follows (Optional)

Proceed with caution when unlocking SIM card as it could brick your USIM/ISIM if incorrect KIC1, KID1 and KIK1 keys are used

$ gp --key-enc <KIC1> --key-mac <KID1> --key-dek <KIK1> --unlock

Example: A sysmoUSIM-SJS1-4ff USIM card with following keys is unlocked as follows

KIC1 = --key-enc = 975B496CED1F2FB984145A55AB31A585

KID1 = --key-mac = E7207B567F9D08726A6EFBD90C50DA9A

KIK1 = --key-dek = DEAA4E9A9B3BC6FC5EFF77A8E9925632

$ gp --key-enc 975B496CED1F2FB984145A55AB31A585 --key-mac E7207B567F9D08726A6EFBD90C50DA9A --key-dek DEAA4E9A9B3BC6FC5EFF77A8E9925632 --unlock
Default type=DES3 bytes=404142434445464748494A4B4C4D4E4F kcv=8BAF47 set as master key for A000000003000000

Step 3: Install ARA-M Java Card applets on USIM/ISIM

Proceed with caution when installing applets on SIM card as it could brick your USIM/ISIM if incorrect KIC1, KID1 and KIK1 keys are used

Install the ARA-M applet (applet.cap). The following command must execute without any errors.

# If SIM is not unlocked in Step 2
$ gp --key-enc <KIC1> --key-mac <KID1> --key-dek <KIK1> --install applet.cap
# If SIM is unlocked in Step 2
$ gp --install applet.cap

Step 4: Push the SHA-1 certifcate of the Carrier Config Android app onto ARA-M in USIM/ISIM

The Carrier Config Android app which will be installed in Step 5 is signed with following SHA1 key

SHA1: E4:68:72:F2:8B:35:0B:7E:1F:14:0D:E5:35:C2:A8:D5:80:4F:0B:E3

In order to provide Carrier Privileges to Carrier Config app, push the above SHA1 certifcate as follows

# If SIM is not unlocked in Step 2
$ gp --key-enc <KIC1> --key-mac <KID1> --key-dek <KIK1> -a 00A4040009A00000015141434C0000 -a 80E2900033F031E22FE11E4F06FFFFFFFFFFFFC114E46872F28B350B7E1F140DE535C2A8D5804F0BE3E30DD00101DB080000000000000001
# If SIM is unlocked in Step 2
$ gp -a 00A4040009A00000015141434C0000 -a 80E2900033F031E22FE11E4F06FFFFFFFFFFFFC114E46872F28B350B7E1F140DE535C2A8D5804F0BE3E30DD00101DB080000000000000001

The split-up of above APDU sent to SIM card is as follows

#### REF-AR-DO for UICC Carrier Privileges

|REF-AR-DO|T|E2    | |                  | |                                        |
|         |L|2F    | |                  | |                                        |
|         |V|REF-DO|T|E1                | |                                        |
|         | |      |L|1E                | |                                        |
|         | |      |V|AID-REF-DO        |T|4F                                      |
|         | |      | |                  |L|06                                      |
|         | |      | |                  |V|FFFFFFFFFFFF                            |
|         | |      | |DeviceAppID-REF-DO|T|C1                                      |
|         | |      | |                  |L|14                                      |
|         | |      | |                  |V|E46872F28B350B7E1F140DE535C2A8D5804F0BE3|
|         | |AR-DO |T|E3                | |                                        |
|         | |      |L|0D                | |                                        |
|         | |      |V|APDU-AR-DO        |T|D0                                      |
|         | |      | |                  |L|01                                      |
|         | |      | |                  |V|01 (Always)                             |
|         | |      | |PERM-AR-DO        |T|DB                                      |
|         | |      | |                  |L|08                                      |
|         | |      | |                  |V|0000000000000001                        |

To check the list of installed certificates use the following command

# If SIM is not unlocked in Step 2
$ gp --key-enc KIC1 --key-mac KID1 --key-dek KIK1 -acr-list
RULE #0 :
       AID  : FFFFFFFFFFFF
       HASH : E46872F28B350B7E1F140DE535C2A8D5804F0BE3
       APDU rule   : ALWAYS(0x01)
# If SIM is unlocked in Step 2
$ gp -acr-list
RULE #0 :
       AID  : FFFFFFFFFFFF
       HASH : E46872F28B350B7E1F140DE535C2A8D5804F0BE3
       APDU rule   : ALWAYS(0x01)

If you have a non-programmable USIM/ISIM with ARA-M application and have option to push certficates to ARA-M via OTA, push the above SHA1 certificate on to the SIM

Step 5: Install the Carrier Config Android app from Play Store

Make sure the SIM card is placed in the default/first SIM slot of the device (only for multi-sim capable devices)

Download the CoIMS Carrier Config app from play store. Then, run the app

Important points/values to note after running the app for this app to enable VoLTE

  • "App has Carrier Privileges" must be true
  • "SIM Carrier Id" must not be -1 (i.e Unknown Carrier). This is not shown in Android 8.0 and 8.1 devices
  • "carrier_volte_provisioned_bool" must be true

Step 6: Additional IMS settings only for Samsung and Mediatek chipset devices

After installation of the app, access the options menu on the right hand top corner and select Samsung/Mediatek IMS Settings option based on your device chipset and edit the IMS settings accordingly to enable desired IMS features

Debugging

Use adb debugging with filter for "ims" keyword

Potential reasons for this method not working

  1. If the value of CarrierIdentifier indicated in the app is -1 (i.e Unknown Carrier) - Not shown in Android 8.0 and 8.1 devices
  2. If the SIM is placed in non-default SIM slot in a multi-SIM phones i.e. SIM in slot 1 (SIM slot 0 (default), SIM slot 1) of device
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